Courtesy of the 25th Infantry Div Assn
Constituted 1 July 1916 and organized at
Schofield Barracks using personnel of the 1st Field Artillery Regiment.
Inactivated in 1921 at Fort Sill. The 1st Battalion was active from 1922-1927
and again from 1930 to 1940. The 2nd Battalion was active in 1922 and 1939-1940.
The 9th FA was reorganized and re-designated as the 9th Field Artillery Battalion
on 1 October 1940. Assigned to the 3rd Division, it was equipped with 155-mm.
howitzers and served as the division artillery's general support battalion.
World War II
In WW II the 3rd Division fought in North Africa, Italy, France and Germany, participating in ten campaigns, more than any U.S. division world-wide. It was awarded a Presidential Unit Citation and two awards of the French Croix de Guerre with Palm.
On 1 September 1950 the 9th FA was relieved from assignment to the 3rd Division and sent to Korea as a separate 155mm. howitzer battalion. Upon arrival in Korea the 9th FA's primary mission was supporting the 1st ROK Division. The 9th was reassigned to the 3rd Division on 17 January 1951. The 9th FA participated in all ten of the Korean campaigns and was awarded the Bravery Gold Medal of Greece and two Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citations.
On 1 July 1957 Battery B was re-designated as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 2nd Field Artillery Battalion, 9th Artillery, assigned to the 10th Infantry Division and activated in Germany. The 2nd Battalion was inactivated at Fort Benning on 14 June 1958.
Re-designated as the 2nd Howitzer Battalion, 9th Artillery it was assigned to the 25th Infantry Division and activated on 1 April 1960 as the direct support battalion for the 1st Battle Group, 35th Infantry. It was redesignated 2nd Battalion, 9th Artillery on 5 August 1963 and became the direct support battalion for the 3rd Brigade. The battalion was airlifted to the Central Highlands of Vietnam with the 3rd Brigade arriving on 28 December 1965. The 2/9th Artillery initially supported 3rd Brigade operations along the Cambodian border and then in Quang Ngai Province. On 1 August 1967 the battalion was reassigned to the 4th Infantry Division. The 2/9th Artillery participated in ten Vietnam campaigns receiving a Valorous Unit Award and three awards of the Republic of Vietnam Cross of Gallantry with Palm. In addition Battery C received a Presidential Unit Citation while attached to the 101st Airborne Division during the battle of Dong Ap Bia Mountain, 10-21 May 1969. Inactivated on 10 April 1970 at Fort Lewis, it was reassigned to the 25th Division on 11 December 1970 and held at zero strength.
Inactivated & Re-designated
On 1 September 1971 it was re-designated as 2nd Battalion, 9th Field Artillery. The 2nd Battalion was inactivated on 25 July 1972.
Change from Cannon Artillery to Air Defense
On 17 January 1986, the 2nd Battalion was relieved from assignment to the 25th Infantry Division and reactivated in Germany as a Pershing surface-to-surface ballistic missile battalion in response to the Soviet ground forces' missile threat to western Europe. With the Soviet ground force missile threat removed, the 2nd Battalion was inactivated on 25 February 1991. The battalion's colors are currently stored at Anniston Army Depot, Alabama.
Presently the only active element of the regiment is the 1st Battalion, 9th
Field Artillery assigned to the 2nd Brigade Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division,
Fort Stewart, GA.
© 25th Infantry Division Association